Hammerfest Hiking Cabins SPINN Arkitekter

2019-01-23 02:00
 © Tor Even Mathisen
(c)ToR甚至Maisen
架构师提供的文本描述。2015年夏天,挪威旅行协会(DNT)的Hammerfest分会决定建造两座简单的变暖小屋,以促进城市周围山区的徒步旅行。简略很简单-“我们想象一个小的远足小屋,窗户很好,有一个燃烧着木头的炉子和简单的长凳,靠近山顶,设计得适合地形。”
Text description provided by the architects. In the summer of 2015, the Hammerfest chapter of The Norwegian Trekking Association (DNT) decided to build two simple warming huts to promote hiking in the mountains around town. The brief was simple - “we imagine a small hiking cabin with good windows that has a wood burning stove and simple benches, placed near the top of the mountain and designed such that it suits the terrain”.
 Courtesy of DNT Hammerfest
DNT Hammerfest提供
 Cross-Laminated Timber Structure
交叉层合木结构
 © Tor Even Mathisen
(c)ToR甚至Maisen
Spinn在2015年夏季接受了挑战并绘制了草图设计。“瓦尔登”被设计为一个有机木制结构,与当地地形配合,可以承受该地区恶劣的极地冬季条件,为徒步旅行者提供温暖的和邀请的休息站,并且是一个吸引人的地方。为了将有机木制外壳的草图转化为现实,Spinn联系了他们的长期合作者的格式工程师,帮助他们转换双曲线的木制。"岩石"该结构可以精确地制造成能够由一组本地志愿者精确地建造在山顶上。
SPINN took up the challenge and produced a sketch design in the summer of 2015. “Varden” was conceived as an organic wooden structure that fits in with the local terrain, could withstand the harsh polar winter conditions of the area, provide hikers with a warm and inviting rest stop, and be an attraction in itself. To translate sketches of an organic wooden shell into reality, SPINN contacted their longtime collaborators FORMAT Engineers to help them transform a double-curved wooden «rock» into a structure that could be manufactured precisely enough to be built on top of a mountain by a group of local volunteers.
 © Tor Even Mathisen
(c)ToR甚至Maisen
利用无人机和摄影测量软件对这些地点进行了三维地图绘制,给出了一幅详细的地表地图,作为找形的基线。由Sketchup和Rhino的建筑师制作的初始形状被使用袋鼠和Grasshop的工程师进一步优化和转换,以及一些由格式开发的定制脚本工具。结果是一个木制的交叉层合木壳,有77个独特的面板,像一个3D拼图一样组合在一起。
The sites were mapped in 3D using a drone and photogrammetry software to give a detailed map of the surface which was used as a baseline for form-finding. The initial shapes made by the architects in Sketchup and Rhino were further optimized and transformed by the engineers using Kangaroo and Grasshopper, together with some customized scripting tools developed by FORMAT. The result was a wooden cross-laminated timber shell with 77 unique panels that fit together like a 3D puzzle.
 © Tor Even Mathisen
(c)ToR甚至Maisen
在模拟风力条件下对设计进行了测试,以确保其能够经受冬季北极风暴和极端风力条件。进行了雪模拟,以确保入口将保持无雪,如预期的那样。确定面板之间的结构力,以指定用于施工的正确类型的螺钉和紧固件。3D打印被广泛用于测试构造将如何配合在一起并测试外部的包覆选项。
The design was tested against simulated wind conditions to make sure that it would withstand winter arctic storms and extreme wind conditions. Snow simulations were performed to ensure that the entrance will remain snow-free as intended. Structural forces between the panels were determined to specify the correct type of screws and fasteners for the construction. 3D printing was used extensively to test out how the construction would fit together and to test cladding options for the exterior.
 Courtesy of SPINN Arkitekter
对SpinnArkitkter的礼遇
 Detailed Study of the Tile Connections
瓷砖连接的详细研究
 © Tor Even Mathisen
(c)ToR甚至Maisen
Spinn和Format提出的设计方案与客户预期有很大不同,而且预算也较高,但他们决心找到一种方法来建立该项目。一个可视化和动画制作,作为众筹努力的一部分,以筹集必要的资金,以实现该项目。当地企业自愿提供材料和服务,Kebony为外部包层捐赠了材料。根据计划,徒步旅行协会的成员将负责提高结构和运输到一个地点。
The design proposed by SPINN and FORMAT was something very different than the client expected and had a higher budget, but they were determined to find a way to get the project built. A visualization and animation were made as part of a crowdfunding effort to raise the money necessary to realize the project. Local businesses volunteered materials and services, and Kebony donated materials for the exterior cladding. According to the plan, the hiking association members would be responsible for raising the structure and transporting it to a site.
 © Tor Even Mathisen
(c)ToR甚至Maisen
最后,决定在受控制的仓库环境中建造该结构,并将其放在一起进行测试,然后部分拆卸用于运输。一组热情的志愿者获得了在4个工作日内组装的CLT面板的主要结构。另一组负责切割和测量外包层的框架和面板,其依据是1:1从Spinn抽吸而来。志愿者们花了1500多个小时建造了一个小木屋,再加上两个舱的外包层。该项目唯一的专业工作是双层沥青防水外壳,并在现场浇筑地基。
In the end, it was decided to build the structure in a controlled warehouse environment, where it would be put together and tested, then partially demounted for transport. One group of enthusiastic volunteers got the main structure of prefabricated CLT panels mounted together over a period of 4 workdays. Another group was responsible for cutting and measuring the frames and panels for the outer cladding based upon 1:1 drawing from SPINN. The volunteers used over 1500 hours on the construction of one cabin, plus the outer cladding for both. The only professional work on the project was the two-layer bitumen waterproofing of the shell, and pouring of the foundation on site.
 © Tor Even Mathisen
(c)ToR甚至Maisen
 Construction of the Cladding Panels
覆层板的构造
 Courtesy of DNT Hammerfest
DNT Hammerfest提供
一分为二,第一个小木屋被装上了一辆平底卡车,然后驶向斯托夫杰莱(Storfjellet)。然后,它被提到适当的位置,并缠绕在一起。窗户、壁炉、坡道和室内家具都安装在现场。到目前为止,第一个客舱已经取得了很大的成功,到目前为止已经大大增加了到Storfjellet的流量。第二间小木屋将建在提文上,这是一座位于哈默费斯特对岸的山,两间小屋将站在城内,互相眺望,穿过美丽的北极哈默费斯特风景。
Split into two pieces, the first cabin was loaded onto a flatbed lorry and driven to Storfjellet. It was then lifted into place and winched together. The window, fireplace, ramp, and interior furniture were all fitted into place on site. Thus far the first cabin has been a great success and has increased the traffic to Storfjellet significantly so far. The second cabin will be built on Tyven, a mountain on the other side of Hammerfest such that the two cabins will stand watch over the city and look over to each other across the beautiful arctic landscape of Hammerfest.
 Courtesy of SPINN Arkitekter
对SpinnArkitkter的礼遇
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Architects SPINN Arkitekter
Location Storfjellet, Hammerfest, Norway
Category Cabins & Lodges
Area 15.0 m2
Project Year 2018
Photographs Tor Even Mathisen
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